According to the Centers for Disease Control, it's estimated that over 30 million Americans have diabetes, a chronic health condition where the body doesn't properly metabolize food for use as energy. It's also estimated that 25% of people with diabetes don't realize they have it. Here are 4 things to know about diabetes.
1. Symptoms of diabetes include frequent urination, feeling very thirsty and very hungry (even though you're eating), blurry vision, and extreme fatigue. Cuts and bruises might heal slowly, and you may experience tingling, pain, or numbness in your hands and/or feet. Early detection and treatment of diabetes can decrease the risk of developing complications from the disease.
2. There are two types of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 (juvenile or early-onset diabetes) is where the body doesn't produce insulin; it usually develops before age 40. Patients perform regular blood tests and follow a special diet. Insulin injections are necessary for the rest of the patient's life. Type 2 diabetes, responsible for 90% of cases, is where the body doesn't produce enough insulin for its own needs, or the body's cells don't react to insulin. Type 2 diabetes is controlled through a healthy diet, regular exercise, and blood sugar monitoring. Medication or insulin therapy may also be necessary.
3. Risk factors for diabetes include family history, diseases of the pancreas, infection or illness, obesity, impaired glucose tolerance, and insulin resistance. Anyone who has a close relative with Type 1 diabetes should have a simple blood test performed. Insulin resistance is largely caused by obesity, and frequently develops into Type 2 diabetes.
4. Diabetes can lead to skin and eye complications, and can cause neuropathy. The good news is that there is a lot of current research working towards preventing and treating diabetes. For more information, or to arrange for diabetes testing, please contact:
Morrison Community Hospital
303 North Jackson Street
Morrison, IL 61270