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From our archives: Rebels should be forced to submit

What we thought: 150 years ago

Published: Monday, March 31, 2014 1:15 a.m. CDT
Caption
The federal gunboat Peosta, aided by the Paw Paw, helped to repel a Civil War rebel attack on Union-held Paducah, Ky., on March 25, 1864. The attack was led by Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest (inset), who commanded 5,000 Confederate cavalry troops. The city was occupied temporarily and heavily damaged, with 300 Confederates and 14 Union troops killed, according to the April 1, 1864, issue of the Gazette.
Caption
Confederate Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest
Caption
Gen. George Gordon Meade 1815-1872 Meade, whose U.S. soldiers defeated Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Gettysburg, commanded the Army of the Potomac from 1863 until 1865, when the Civil War ended.

Note to readers – Sauk Valley Media reprints editorials and articles from the past as a regular Monday feature. The following items appeared in the Gazette on April 2, 1864.

Let rebels bow

to Mr. Lincoln

The Grand Traverse Herald desires to see Mr. Lincoln renominated for the following, among other reasons:

“The rebels have, in many cases, declared they would never submit to him as president.

“But he was the regularly elected president of the United States, chosen according to the forms of that Constitution by which they as well as we were bound.

“Now we insist that they ought to be made to do just that.”

The Battle

at Paducah

On the 25th [last], the rebel General [Nathan Bedford] Forrest with 5,000 cavalry attacked our forces at Paducah, Ky., and for a short time occupied the city – our troops, under Col. Hicks, retiring to the fort, from which the rebels failed to drive them, after several desperate assaults, they being severely repulsed at every attempt.

After the third repulse, the rebels swarmed into the houses of the city, firing from windows and behind houses. Col. Hicks then turned his cannon upon the houses, and aided by the gunboats Peosta and Paw Paw, drove the rebels from the city at eleven o’clock in the evening.

The rebel General Thompson and 300 men were killed and 1,200 wounded. Our loss was 14 killed and 46 wounded.

About fifty buildings were burnt, and very many injured by shot and shell; the rebels also sacked several stores of large amounts.

A proclamation

by the president

Defining the meaning

of the Amnesty

Proclamation

Whereas it has become necessary to define the cases in which insurgent enemies are entitled to the benefits of the proclamation of the president of the United States, which was made on the 8th day of December, 1863, and the manner in which they shall proceed to avail themselves of these benefits; and

Whereas the objects of that proclamation were to suppress the insurrection, and restore the authority of the United States; and

Whereas the amnesty therein proposed by the president, was offered with reference to these objects alone.

Now, therefore I, Abraham Lincoln, president of the United States, do hereby proclaim and declare that the said proclamation does not apply to the cases of persons who at the time when they seek to obtain the benefits thereof, by taking the oath thereby prescribed, are in military, naval or civil confinement or custody, or under bonds, or on parole on the civil, military or naval authorities, or agents of the United States as prisoners of war, or persons detained for offense of any kind, either before or after conviction[.]

[A]nd that on the contrary, it does apply only to those persons who being yet at large and free from any arrest, confinement or duress, shall voluntarily come forward and take said oath with the purpose of restoring peace and establishing the national authority.

Persons excluded from the amnesty offered in said proclamation may apply to the president for clemency, like all other offenders, and their application will receive due consideration. ...

Signed by the president, Abraham Lincoln

William H. Seward, Sec’y of State

Stine has

a fine shop

The new store of Wm. Stine & Co., in Commercial Block, was opened last week, as announced by their advertisements, and has been thronged with persons examining the new goods, and being fitted out with suits of new and elegant fitting clothing ever since.

The largest and best assortment of clothing, fancy wool shirts and furnishing goods is to be seen at this place.

From this, it would seem that there is business enough for the fine addition made to this market by this enterprising firm.

Life of Gen. Meade

T.B. Peterson & Brothers, Philadelphia, have just published the “Life and Public Services of Gen. George G. Meade, the Hero of Gettysburg, and Commander of the Army of the Potomac,” with a full history of his services from the time he entered the Army in 1835 to the present day, with his official reports, speeches, etc.

Complete in one volume, with portrait. Price 25 cents.

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