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State

Comment period ending on Illinois 'fracking' rules

CARBONDALE (AP) — The Illinois Department of Natural Resources planned to accept public comments through Friday on its proposed rules to govern the high-volume oil and gas extraction method known as "fracking," then decide in the coming weeks if it will make changes based on that feedback, officials said.

About 5,000 comments had been submitted online as of Wednesday, DNR spokesman Chris McCloud said, but residents also were permitted to mail in comments and many spoke at public hearings held in November and December. A coalition of groups that oppose fracking said more than 20,000 comments had been submitted.

Fracking — short for hydraulic fracturing — uses a high-pressure mixture of water, sand and chemicals to crack and hold open thick rock formations, releasing trapped oil and gas. Combined with horizontal drilling, it allows access to formerly out-of-reach deposits. Supporters say it will create thousands of jobs but opponents fear it could pollute water resources.

The state's first-ever fracking regulations were hailed as the toughest in the nation when they were signed into law by Gov. Pat Quinn last summer. The DNR, which will enforce them, must adopt rules to reflect the law and published a first draft in November.

Energy companies hope to begin fracking this year in the New Albany Shale formation in southern Illinois, where they hope significant oil deposits lie 5,000 feet or more below the surface.

But a coalition of residents and environmental groups that oppose fracking have complained that the DNR's proposed rules are inadequate and rushed. They planned to deliver a petition Friday to the governor, asking him to form a council of several state agencies, including emergency responders and transportation officials, to help rewrite the rules.

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Information from: Southern Illinoisan, http://www.southernillinoisan.com

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