NEW YORK – We might never know exactly what Alex Rodriguez and Ryan Braun are being accused of in Major League Baseball’s Biogenesis investigation – if they beat the rap.
That’s because details likely will be caught in a tangle of legal gymnastics involving MLB, the players’ union and probably an arbitrator, who could rule no
discipline is warranted.
Lengthy proceedings make it nearly a
certainty most, if not all, suspensions would be served in 2014.
Among the early legal issues: Does the commissioner’s office have the right to announce any suspensions before grievances are decided by an arbitrator? Can a player not previously disciplined under the drug agreement be
suspended for more than 50 games because of multiple violations?
Three people familiar with the investigation said, if management and the union can’t agree on the process, arbitrator Fredric Horowitz likely would be asked to decide.
MLB has spent most of the year investigating about 20 players for their links to Biogenesis of America, including A-Rod and Braun, both former MVPs. Miami New Times reported in January that the closed Florida anti-aging clinic had distributed banned performance-enhancing drugs to major leaguers.
Lawyers for the commissioner’s office have been interviewing players, and many, including Braun, have refused to answer questions about their dealings with Biogenesis.
Braun was interviewed in late June, and Rodriguez is scheduled to be
Braun and Rodriguez have said they didn’t do anything that merits discipline.
The drug agreement
specifies that if a
suspension for a first PED offense is challenged by the union, the violation is not made public unless the penalty is sustained in arbitration. However, discipline for second and third offenses are announced and served while the grievance is litigated.
There also is a provision stating “the commissioner’s office may publicly announce the discipline of a player if the allegations relating to a player’s violation of the program previously had been made public through a source other than the commissioner’s office or a club” or their employees. The sides or the arbitrator will have to decide whether the media accounts of Biogenesis are covered by that clause.
Each player’s case probably will be handled in a separate arbitration, which could slow down the process while the sides secure dates before Horowitz or agree to retain other arbitrators.
It might be difficult to discipline players for refusing to answer questions
Commissioner Bowie Kuhn suspended Ferguson Jenkins in September 1980 after the Texas pitcher was arrested in Toronto and charged with possession of cocaine, hashish and marijuana. Kuhn wrote to Jenkins saying he imposed the penalty because the pitcher “declined to cooperate with this office’s investigation.”
Following a grievance hearing, arbitrator Raymond Goetz lifted suspension 2 weeks later.
“As a practical matter, the commissioner was compelling Jenkins to jeopardize his defense in court. While this may not actually violate any principles of constitutional or criminal law, it offends the moral values of our society on which the legal privilege against self-incrimination is based,” Goetz wrote.
He said players should not be required to prove their innocence because “this approach would stand the requirement of just cause for discipline on its head.”
In the Biogenesis case, an arbitrator would have to rule whether refusing to answer questions while no criminal charges are pending may be penalized under the “just cause” provision of the drug agreement.
Horowitz, a veteran of baseball and NHL salary arbitration cases, was appointed baseball’s arbitrator in June last year. Shyam Das, who had served since 1999, was fired in May 2012, 3 months after overturning a 50-game suspension imposed on Braun. Das ruled the urine sample of the Milwaukee star was not handled by the drug collector in the manner specified by baseball’s drug agreement.